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Semen Evaluation


DIAGNOSIS OF INFERTILITY IN MEN

In man infertility can be checked by simple and a common test known as “Semen Analysis”
This test allows checking of sperms and semen in many aspects. Out of many the most important ones are sperm count (number of total sperms), volume of the total semen (fluid containing sperms) motility/movement of sperms, presence of sperms of normal morphology.

EVALUATION OF SPERM’S MORPHOLOGY

It is essential to understand that abnormal sperms are produced by every men, as approximately half number of sperms in a normal semen sample are abnormally shaped In order to assess morphology of sperms, they go through exploration under a microscope and the percentage of abnormally shaped sperm is estimated.
One out of two sets of characteristics is used to assess Sperm Morphology.
1) A Kruger criterion is strict and considers microscopic indiscretion as abnormal.
2) A World Health Organization (WHO) criteria are more moderate and do not categorize large number of sperms as abnormal.
In some cases, morphology is used to decide whether a couple should use in vitro fertilization (IVF) to attempt a pregnancy. It is best to check with your physician to see which method was used to assess sperm shape and the significance of the results.

FEATURES OF NORMALLY SHAPED SPERM

A normal-shaped sperm has following features:
 No fluid droplets in the sperm head that are bigger than one half of the sperm head size
 Have smooth head that is oval-shaped and about 5-6 micrometers in length and 2.5-3.5 micrometers in width (less than the size of a needle point)
 It’s having definite acrosome (cap of sperm) covering 40% to 70% of the sperm head
 Absence of noticeable abnormality of neck, midpiece, or tail

FERTILIZATION of AN EGG BY ABNORMALLY SHAPED SPERMS

Men producing abnormally shaped sperm may also have no difficult grounds for occurrence of pregnancy. Studies show that an abnormal shaped sperm can fertilize an egg. Though, infertility is associated with higher amounts of abnormally shaped sperm. Sometimes this higher numbers of abnormally shaped sperm are associated with other irregularities of the semen such as low sperm count or motility.

HIGH RISKS OF GENETIC ABNORMALITIES ASSOCIATED WITH FERTILIZATION OF AN EGG BY ABNORMALLY SHAPED SPERM

Abnormalities in sperm shape may sometimes results in genetic disturbance. As there’s no existence of direct relationship between the shape of a sperm and its genetic material, but in some cases male offspring’s inherit same type of abnormalities in sperm’s morphology as are found in their father.

WORTH OF NORMAL SHAPED SPERMS

Men with abnormally shaped sperms are inclined to have added troubles in origin of pregnancy.

HOW YOU CAN IMPROVE SHAPE OF YOUR SPERMS

Studies suggest that infertility can be caused by excessive smoking and alcohol intake. As these substances have chances of damaging DNA (carrier of genes) of sperms and impair its quality. Studies don’t show direct relation between caffeine consumption and resultant abnormality in sperm shape. Noticeable changes in your sperm morphology take as a minimum 3 months.

IMPROVEMENT IN SPERM MORPHOLOGY AND MALE FERTILITY BY USE OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS OR VITAMINS

There is no evidence of Improvements in sperm morphology or fertility after using Dietary supplements or vitamins. However, daily multivitamin intake may improve your reproductive health.