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IVF

IVF Success & Azoospermic Male Patients

IVF Success with Azoospermia:

Azoospermia commonly referred to as “no sperm count” is a male fertility issue many men face. Azoospermia is defined as the complete lack of sperm in the ejaculate. It occurs in 5% of infertile men. TESA with IVF/ICSI has successfully treated azoospermia and offers approximately a 40% live birth rate. These techniques offer the possibility of several attempts of IVF/ICSI from a single testicular biopsy sample.

Obstructive Azoospermia Treatment via IVF:

Obstructive Azoospermia occurs when sperm is being produced in the testes but cannot be found in the semen because of a blockage in the male reproductive tract. The good news is that in most cases of Obstructive Azoospermia, sperm can be recovered through microsurgery and used in an IVF-ICSI treatment.

Conditions That Causes Azoospermia:

  • Genetic infertility due to abnormal chromosomes (karyotype)
  • Unexplained genetic infertility
  • Cancer treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, surgery)
  • Varicocele effect
  • Pituitary suppression, drug induced (anabolic steroids, alcohol, glucocorticoids)
  • Testosterone supplements
  • Severe illness (cancer, kidney or liver failure)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Pesticide/toxin exposure (including hot tubs and baths)
  • Undescended testicles at birth
  • Ejaculatory duct obstruction
  • Vasectomy

By -Dr. Sajjad

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