What is Infertility?
The simple definition is where a couple fails to conceive after one year of unprotected sexual life. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. It may also refer to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception. International statistics show that nearly 15 % of married couples at one stage in their married life need to seek support from assisted reproductive centres for conception, like ACIMC.
Infertility is a disease, which three decades back was considered to be incurable due to limited medical knowledge in this area, afflicting about 15 % of married population in our culture. Particularly the focus was female infertility and only much later was it discovered that male has equal chances of being the cause of infertility. According to our data we are treating almost 60% Male Infertility cases.
How it All Started?
In the year 1976 a major breakthrough came in medical science when it became possible to fertilize female eggs outside the human body. The first baby born through this technique was Louis brown on 1978 & henceforth many strides have been achieved in this particular area & by now thousands of couples have been assisted to achieve their life’s dream in the shape of a healthy baby. After the advent of invitro fertilization, Infertility management started growing as a specialty in the medical field. The center offering IVF attained the expertise of handling all aspects of infertility treatments. Therefore it is the best advise to couples facing dilemma of infertility to get themselves treated at ACIMC, which is fully equipped to scientifically diagnose & treat such patients.
Studies indicate that slightly over half of all cases of infertility are a result of female conditions, while the rest are caused by either sperm disorders or unidentified factors.
- About 20% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the man.
- About 40% to 50% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the woman.
- About 30% to 40% of cases of infertility are due to problems in both the man and the woman.
Generally, all women are at risk of having a pregnancy with chromosomal abnormality. This risk increases as the woman’s age increases, typically over age 35. Not all couples want to face decisions during an on-going pregnancy regarding a chromosome abnormality in the fetus. Couples may instead pursue PGD or Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, for aneuploidy screening to optimize the chance of having a healthy pregnancy. It should, however, be noted that age may not be the only indicator. A prominent sign of infertility among females would be the menstrual cycle that is either too short (less than 21 days) or too long (35 or more days). Some other signs could be, painful periods, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, prior cancer treatment or endometriosis.
In up to half of the infertile couples who fail to conceive after a complete year of un-protected sexual intercourse, male infertility plays a role. Male infertility is due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm function or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors can play a role in causing male infertility. There may be no other obvious signs or symptoms. In some cases, however, an underlying problem such as an inherited disorder, hormonal imbalance, dilated veins around the testicle, or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm causes signs and symptoms.
Although most men with male infertility do not notice symptoms other than inability to conceive a child, signs and symptoms associated with male infertility include:
- Problems with sexual function — for example, difficulty with ejaculation or small volumes of fluid ejaculated, reduced sexual desire or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- Inability to smell
- Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)
- Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
- Having a lower than normal sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate)