Evaluation of Hormones and their Levels
Levels of different hormones produced in our body are measured during menstrual cycle. Hormones responsible for stimulation and development of an egg following its ovulation and implantation into a fertilized egg in the uterus affect each phase compulsory in reaching gestation. Chances of conceiving a child may be greatly affected if in case the fertility hormones are not produced in specific amounts during menstrual cycle.
Following tests are performed to determine the levels of hormones that promote ovulation and implantation of the egg:
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) – Responsible for stimulation of eggs growth.
- Luteinizing hormone (LH) – Responsible for stimulation of egg release from the follicles.
- Estradiol (E2) – Responsible for stimulation of the follicles.
- Progesterone (P4) – Responsible for stabilization of the uterine lining for egg implantation and pregnancy.
The overproduction of the certain hormones can adversely disturb ovulation:
- Androgens – In women excess production can hinder growth of the follicles and ovulation.
- Prolactin – Higher levels than normal causes certain disorders.
Thyroid – An underactive thyroid can causes high levels of prolactin