Ovulation Induction

Ovulation Induction

It is a treatment in which medications are given to triggers the ovum. If any woman is not ovulating by herself then ovulation induction may be required. The common causes of failure to ovulate are stress, weight fluctuations and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Rest causes may include disorders of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and raised prolactin levels. In some cases, the failure of ovulation is due to ovarian failure. This might occur following treatment for cancer or maybe the start of the menopause – premature ovarian failure. Ultrasound scans (follicle tracking) and hormone assessments may help to identify the fertile time of the month and so improve the chances of natural conception.

Before ovulation problems can be treated it is important to undertake certain tests to establish the cause. These tests include an ultrasound scan of the ovaries and womb and blood tests to measure a range of hormones including thyroid, prolactin, FSH, LH, Testosterone and other androgens (male hormones). It is also important to ensure that the ovary is capable of responding to drug treatment.

IVF | Australian Concept

Ovulation Is Given By Two Main Drug Regimens

Clomiphene: The alternative is Letrozole tablets) increases the production of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) by the pituitary gland, thereby stimulating follicles and hence egg growth. This tablet is normally given in a starting dose of 50 mg (1 tablet) taken from the 2nd to the 6th day of the period.
Gonadotrophins: These are given by injection. Their active ingredient is a follicle-stimulating hormone. Examples are Menopur, Gonal F and Bemfola. They are given on a daily basis and start at a dose of 75 IU each day.
Difference between ICSI and IVF

Ovulation Induction Treatment Is Not Recommended For

– Women over 38 years of age.
– Women with severe endometriosis.
– Women with blocked tubes or severe tubal damage.
– Couples with a low sperm count or poor sperm motility/morphology.

Ovulation Induction Treatment Is Recommended For

– Couples with no male-factor infertility.
– Women with unexplained infertility.
– Women who are not spontaneously ovulating.
– Women with long, irregular, or infrequent cycles.
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